many options available – couple of them are as follows, all settings within Customizer:
1. Less text and reduced content:
Reduce archive title font size: Typography > Headings > Archive Content Title (H2)
Reduce content spacing: Customizer > Layout > Container –> Content Separator
Reduce length of excerpt: Layout > Blog –> Excerpt Length
2. Smaller image aligned left of text Layout > Blog –> Featured Images > Archives – set the image Width to 350px and its alignment left.